|you||Du||for adressing a well known person on a private meeting directly|
|you||Sie||for adressing a person or a group on a business meeting
or a stranger directly - the first letter of "Sie" is a capital letter!|
|you||Ihr||for adressing a group of well known people on a
|he||er||talking about a male person - used in the same way
you do it|
|she||sie||talking about a female person - notice! this time
the first letter is not a capital one|
|it||es||used for everything else that is abstract like in |
"It was a nice day today.=Es war heute ein schöner Tag "
It is not used for animals, plants and objects as you do in English, only
if the gender of this object is neuter. I give you an example:
die Blume = the flower... it is nice = sie ist schön
der Stuhl= the chair...it is big= er ist groß
das Haus= the house...it is small= es ist klein
We have three different genders in grammar (mating could be even more difficult if we humans had this, right? :-)):
The only way to get to know this
learn it by heart. There are no rules.
Sorry for that :-)!
|we||wir||used in the same way you do it|
|they||sie||talking about a group of people, no matter if
private or business people|