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Lesson 1

First of all there is to know all the personal pronouns:
youDufor adressing a well known person on a private meeting directly
youSiefor adressing a person or a group on a business meeting or a stranger directly - the first letter of "Sie" is a capital letter!
youIhrfor adressing a group of well known people on a private meeting
heertalking about a male person - used in the same way you do it
shesietalking about a female person - notice! this time the first letter is not a capital one
itesused for everything else that is abstract like in
"It was a nice day today.=Es war heute ein schöner Tag "

It is not used for animals, plants and objects as you do in English, only if the gender of this object is neuter. I give you an example:
we say:
die Blume = the flower... it is nice = sie ist schön
der Stuhl= the is big= er ist groß
das Haus= the is small= es ist klein

We have three different genders in grammar (mating could be even more difficult if we humans had this, right? :-)):
male (der...),
female (die...),
neuter (das...).

The only way to get to know this is to learn it by heart. There are no rules.
Sorry for that :-)!
wewirused in the same way you do it
theysietalking about a group of people, no matter if private or business people

Te most important verb is

to be = sein

I amich bin
you areDu bist
you areSie sind
you areIhr seid
he iser ist
she issie ist
it ises ist
we arewir sind
they aresie sind

To make a sentence

you just add adjectives like
niceschön/hübsch (in the sense of beautyfull and pretty)
nicenett (in the sense of friendly, enjoyable)
slim schlank (slender)/dünn (thin)
clever/intelligentklug or schlau/intelligent
stupid dumm

If everything is more or less clear now, then you can proceed with the Test. You might need a dictionary for it. And as we aren't in school here, that is allowed. :-))

Good luck!

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